A collection of mainly related people known as the Xhosa. They live primarily in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. They are a subgroup of the southern Nguni and speak mutually comprehensible varieties of the Bantu language Xhosa, which belongs to the Niger-Congo family.
Early in the 1820s, conventional building techniques evolved, and huts were constructed with conical thatched roofs and circular walls made of covered posts interlaced with branches. A homestead’s individual cottages were often constructed in a semicircle around a circular cow enclosure.
The oldest Xhosa settlements were made up of a frame made of poles and young trees that had been twisted and joined together to resemble a beehive and covered in grass from top to bottom.
Xhosa women always wore a head covering as a mark of respect for the family‘s patriarch, usually their father or husband. Due to their seniority, older Xhosa women were permitted to don more ornate headdresses. The colors of their clothing and the accessories they wore indicated their tribal origins, and each tribe had its own distinctive types of traditional dress.
Men frequently carried necessities like a knife and homegrown tobacco in goatskin pouches that they wore on their person. The bag needed to be created from skin that had been taken in one piece, healed without destroying the hair, and turned inside out, which required great expertise and care.